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Chronic Lyme Disease References


Medical and scientific documentation challenging the theory that Lyme disease is easily diagnosed and always curable with 4 weeks of conventional antibiotics.

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  [1]CHRONIC LYME DISEASE: AN EVOLVING SYNDROME
Authors: Luft BJ
Source: 9th Annual International Scientific Conference on Lyme Disease & Other Tick-Borne Disorders, Westin Copley Plaza Hotel, Boston, MA, April 19-20, 1996

  [2]WHY IS CHRONIC LYME BORRELIOSIS CHRONIC?
Authors: Aberer E; Koszik; Silberer M
Source: 9th Annual International Scientific Conference on Lyme Disease & Other Tick-Borne Disorders, Westin Copley Plaza Hotel, Boston, MA, April 19-20, 1996

  [3]ASYMPTOMATIC BORRELIA-SEROPOSITIVE INDIVIDUALS DISPLAY THE SAME INCIDENCE OF BORRELIA-SPECIFIC INTERFERON-GAMMA (IFN-GAMMA)-SECRETING CELLS IN BLOOD AS PATIENTS WITH CLINICAL BORRELIA INFECTION.
Authors: Ekerfelt C Forsberg P Svenvik M Roberg M Bergstrom S Ernerudh J
Source: Clin Exp Immunol 1999 Mar;115(3):498-502

  [4]DETECTION OF BORRELIA BURGDORFERI BY POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION IN SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE, BUT NOT IN SYNOVIAL FLUID FROM PATIENTS WITH PERSISTING LYME ARTHRITIS AFTER ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY.
Authors: Priem S Burmester GR Kamradt T Wolbart K Rittig MG Krause A
Source: Ann Rheum Dis 1998 Feb;57(2):118-21

  [5]AN UNUSUAL ILLEGITIMATE RECOMBINATION OCCURS IN THE LINEAR-PLASMID-ENCODED OUTER-SURFACE PROTEIN A GENE OF BORRELIA AFZELII.
Authors: Wang J Masuzawa T Li M Yanagihara Y
Source: Microbiology 1997 Dec;143 ( Pt 12):3819-25

  [6]BACTERIAL PATHOGENESIS: A VARIATION ON VARIATION IN LYME DISEASE.
Authors: Koomey M
Source: Curr Biol 1997 Sep 1;7(9):R538-40

  [7]POST-LYME SYNDROME AND CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME. NEUROPSYCHIATRIC SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES.
Authors: Gaudino EA Coyle PK Krupp LB
Source: Arch Neurol 1997 Nov;54(11):1372-6

  [8]HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS IN THE IMMUNOPATHOGENESIS OF LYME DISEASE.
Authors: Hu LT Klempner MS
Source: J Clin Immunol 1997 Sep;17(5):354-65

  [9]WHY IS CHRONIC LYME BORRELIOSIS CHRONIC?
Authors: Aberer E Koszik F Silberer M
Source: Clin Infect Dis 1997 Jul;25 Suppl 1:S64-70

  [10]IMMUNOLOGIC MECHANISMS IN LYME NEUROBORRELIOSIS: THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF AUTOIMMUNITY AND MOLECULAR MIMICRY.
Authors: Sigal LH
Source: Semin Neurol 1997 Mar;17(1):63-8

  [11]LATE-STAGE NEUROPSYCHIATRIC LYME BORRELIOSIS. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT.
Authors: Fallon BA Schwartzberg M Bransfield R Zimmerman B Scotti A Weber CA Liebowitz MR
Source: Psychosomatics 1995 May-Jun;36(3):295-300

  [12]LYME DISEASE IN A 74-YEAR-OLD FOREST OWNER WITH SYMPTOMS OF DERMATOMYOSITIS.
Authors: Hoffmann JC Stichtenoth DO Zeidler H Follmann M Brandis A Stanek G Wollenhaupt J
Source: Arthritis Rheum 1995 Aug;38(8):1157-60

  [13]SERONEGATIVE CHRONIC RELAPSING NEUROBORRELIOSIS.
Authors: Lawrence C Lipton RB Lowy FD Coyle PK
Source: Eur Neurol 1995;35(2):113-7

  [14]LYME BORRELIOSIS [LETTER]
Authors: Oksi J
Source: Lancet 1995 Jun 3;345(8962):1437

  [15]ANIMAL MODELS OF LYME DISEASE: PATHOGENESIS AND IMMUNOPROPHYLAXIS.
Authors: Philipp MT Johnson BJ
Source: Trends Microbiol 1994 Nov;2(11):431-7

  [16]LIVING WITH LYME.
Authors: Vartiovaara I
Source: Lancet 1995 Apr 1;345(8953):842-4

  [17]TREATMENT OF LATE LYME BORRELIOSIS.
Authors: Wahlberg P Granlund H Nyman D Panelius J Seppala I
Source: J Infect 1994 Nov;29(3):255-61

  [18]CHRONIC LYME DISEASE IN THE RHESUS MONKEY [SEE COMMENTS]
Authors: Roberts ED Bohm RP Jr Cogswell FB Lanners HN Lowrie RC Jr Povinelli L Piesman J Philipp MT
Source: Lab Invest 1995 Feb;72(2):146-60

  [19]THE LONG-TERM CLINICAL OUTCOMES OF LYME DISEASE. A POPULATION-BASED RETROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY.
Authors: Shadick NA Phillips CB Logigian EL Steere AC Kaplan RF Berardi VP Duray PH Larson MG Wright EA Ginsburg KS et al
Source: Ann Intern Med 1994 Oct 15;121(8):560-7

  [20]PHYSICIAN BELIEFS, ATTITUDES, AND APPROACHES TOWARD LYME DISEASE IN AN ENDEMIC AREA.
Authors: Eppes SC Klein JD Caputo GM Rose CD
Source: Clin Pediatr (Phila) 1994 Mar;33(3):130-4

  [21]DETECTION OF BORRELIA BURGDORFERI ANTIGENS IN CEREBROSPINAL FLUID.
Authors: Coyle PK Deng Z Schutzer SE Belman AL Benach J Krupp LB Luft B
Source: Neurology 1993 Jun;43(6):1093-8

  [22]FIRST ISOLATION OF BORRELIA BURGDORFERI FROM AN IRIS BIOPSY.
Authors: Preac-Mursic V Pfister HW Spiegel H Burk R Wilske B Reinhardt S Bohmer R
Source: J Clin Neuroophthalmol 1993 Sep;13(3):155-61; discussion 162

  [23]THE PERSISTENCE OF SPIROCHETAL NUCLEIC ACIDS IN ACTIVE LYME ARTHRITIS [SEE COMMENTS]
Authors: Bradley JF Johnson RC Goodman JL
Source: Ann Intern Med 1994 Mar 15;120(6):487-9

  [24]DETECTION OF BORRELIA BURGDORFERI DNA BY POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION IN SYNOVIAL FLUID FROM PATIENTS WITH LYME ARTHRITIS [SEE COMMENTS]
Authors: Nocton JJ Dressler F Rutledge BJ Rys PN Persing DH Steere AC
Source: N Engl J Med 1994 Jan 27;330(4):229-34

  [25]LATE LYME BORRELIOSIS: EPIDEMIOLOGY, DIAGNOSIS AND CLINICAL FEATURES.
Authors: Wahlberg P Granlund H Nyman D Panelius J Sepp:al:a I
Source: Ann Med 1993 Aug;25(4):349-52

  [26]INVASION OF HUMAN SKIN FIBROBLASTS BY THE LYME DISEASE SPIROCHETE, BORRELIA BURGDORFERI.
Authors: Klempner MS Noring R Rogers RA
Source: J Infect Dis 1993 May;167(5):1074-81

  [27]RECURRENT ERYTHEMA MIGRANS DESPITE EXTENDED ANTIBIOTIC TREATMENT WITH MINOCYCLINE IN A PATIENT WITH PERSISTING BORRELIA BURGDORFERI INFECTION.
Authors: Liegner KB Shapiro JR Ramsay D Halperin AJ Hogrefe W Kong L
Source: J Am Acad Dermatol 1993 Feb;28(2 Pt 2):312-4

  [28]LYME DISEASE: THE SENSIBLE PURSUIT OF ANSWERS.
Authors: Liegner KB
Source: J Clin Microbiol 1993 Aug;31(8):1961-3

  [29]INVASION OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM BY BORRELIA BURGDORFERI IN ACUTE DISSEMINATED INFECTION [PUBLISHED ERRATUM APPEARS IN JAMA 1992 AUG 19;268(7):872] [SEE COMMENTS]
Authors: Luft BJ Steinman CR Neimark HC Muralidhar B Rush T Finkel MF Kunkel M Dattwyler RJ
Source: JAMA 1992 Mar 11;267(10):1364-7

  [30]LONG TERM TREATMENT OF CHRONIC LYME ARTHRITIS WITH BENZATHINE PENICILLIN.
Authors: Cimmino MA Accardo S
Source: Ann Rheum Dis 1992 Aug;51(8):1007-8

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