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Medical / Scientific Abstract

Title:Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi and granulocytic and monocytic ehrlichiae in Ixodes ricinus ticks from southern Germany.
Authors:Baumgarten BU, Rollinghoff M, Bogdan C
Source:J Clin Microbiol 1999 Nov;37(11):3448-51
Organization:Institute of Clinical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.

A total of 287 adult Ixodes ricinus ticks, collected in two regions of southern Germany (Frankonia and Baden-Wurttemberg) where Borrelia burgdorferi infections are known to be endemic, were examined for the presence of 16S ribosomal DNA specific for the Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroup, E. chaffeensis, E. canis, and B. burgdorferi by nested PCR. Totals of 2.2% (6 of 275) and 21.8% (65 of 275) of the ticks were positive for the E. phagocytophila genogroup and B. burgdorferi, respectively. Two ticks (0.7%) were coinfected with both bacteria. Of 12 engorged I. ricinus ticks collected from two deer, 8 (67%) were positive for the E. phagocytophila genogroup and one (8%) was positive for B. burgdorferi. There was no evidence of infection with E. canis or E. chaffeensis in the investigated tick population. The nucleotide sequences of the 546-bp Ehrlichia PCR products differed at one or two positions from the original sequence of the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) agent (S.-M. Chen, J. S. Dumler, J. S. Bakken, and D. H. Walker, J. Clin. Microbiol. 32:589-595, 1994). Three groups of sequence variants were detected; two of these were known to occur in other areas in Europe or the United States, whereas one has not been reported before. Thus, in the German I. ricinus tick population closely related granulocytic ehrlichiae are prevalent, which might represent variants of E. phagocytophila or the HGE agent.

Animal, Borrelia burgdorferi, GENETICS, ISOLATION & PURIF, DNA, Bacterial, GENETICS, ISOLATION & PURIF, DNA, Ribosomal, GENETICS, ISOLATION & PURIF, Ehrlichia, GENETICS, ISOLATION & PURIF, Germany, Human, Ixodes, MICROBIOLOGY, Molecular Sequence Data, RNA, Bacterial, GENETICS, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S, GENETICS, Variation (Genetics)

Language: Eng

Unique ID: 99454826

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